The Department of children's diseases was organized in 1942.
In the period for 1962-1970 there were two Departments of Pediatrics – separately for medical and pediatric faculties.
Since 1970, the Department is divided into 4 separate departments:
- Department of Hospital Pediatrics, headed by Professor Boris Fabianovich Shagan from 1970 to 1974, then headed by Associate Professor R. Tashmatova in 1974-1985
- Department of Faculty Pediatrics with a course of propaedeutics of childhood diseases, headed by Professor Tatiyana Pokrovskaya.
- Department of Pediatric Surgery, headed by Professor Vladimir Kononov in 1970-1997, Professor H. I. Abdurakhmanov in1997-2002, anddoctor of medical sciences Talantbek Omurbekov (since 2002.)
- Department of Childhood Illness for Faculty of General medicine headed by the Associate Professor Petr Afanasenko in 1970-1977, Associate Professor O. Mirsaburov in 1977 - 1994, Professor Bokonbaeva S. D. in 1995.
From 1992 to 1997 the Department was headed by Professor K. K. Kozhonazarov - a highly qualified specialist in the field of pediatric gastroenterology and endoscopy, who made a great contribution to the development and improvement of methods of treatment of gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and gastroduodenitis in children. Published more than 150 scientific papers, 4 monographs, 12 methodological developments, had patents for invention and innovation proposals. Awarded Diplomas of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan, Ministry of health of Kyrgyzstan, excellent health, honored doctor of the Republic.
From 1997-2011 the Department was headed by Professor S. Bakasov. Highly qualified specialist in the field of pediatric cardiorheumatology. He conducted a large number of scientific expeditions to all climatogeographic regions of our Republic to study cardiovascular diseases in school-age children. He developed measures to improve the health of schoolchildren of the Kyrgyz Republic. 176 scientific works, 32 methodical developments and 1 monograph are published. Awarded Diplomas of the Ministry of health and the Ministry of education and science, excellent health and education. In 2008 he was awarded the title of"Teacher of the year". Prepared 6 candidates of Sciences.
Since 2011, the Department is headed by Alymbaev Erkin Shakirovich, MD.